The social experiment of distributing money from rich and poor

Who give more easily

The social experiment of distributing money from rich and poor

This shows a new scientific study, based on a series of financial games, in which participants were divided into two groups (one high and one low "status") and were asked to play for real money. Based on a series of different "scenarios", each volunteer decided how much money he would keep for himself and how much he would offer to a common fund, the money of which would then be distributed equally to all.

Those who belonged to the "upper" socio-economic group started with more money (as in the real world), while those who belonged to the "lower" group had less money from the beginning. The distribution of participants in the two teams was not constant but was constantly changing, either by chance (by lot) or depending on the effort made in the game (so "rightfully" belonged to the privileged team).

The social experiment basically showed two things: First, that those who belonged to the lower socio-economic class (who were not always themselves) contributed more to the common fund than those who belonged to the upper class. Second, that the privileged were even more reluctant to contribute to the common fund when they had gained their wealth through personal effort rather than luck.

The researchers, led by Dr. Magda Osman of Queen Mary University in London, published in the journal Basic and Applied Social Psychology, said the study showed in the laboratory that when a person gains more wealth, he is more reluctant to shared, much more if he has acquired it with effort.

As Osman said, "for high-status individuals, how they acquire wealth through luck or effort seems to be the key factor that determines the level of cooperation with others. "But this is not the case with low-status people, for whom the way they are at this level does not make any difference in their behavior."

"If you have achieved your highest level through effort rather than luck, you are even more likely to want to keep what you have. When you have a few, an obvious strategy to increase them is through collaboration. "One conclusion from this is that even if someone appears willing to cooperate, there is no reason to believe that they are doing it only for altruistic reasons," she added, according to the Athens News Agency.

The study also shows that the underprivileged can not be satisfied with the goodwill, understanding and empathy of the privileged to improve their position. Experiments have shown that this method does not "catch".

"The other unexpected finding is that empathy has almost no effect on promoting behavior in favor of society as a whole, in other words it is not able to motivate those who have enough money to contribute to the common fund. "What the study shows is that when it comes to money, empathy plays virtually no role in improving social behavior."