May signed the letter to activate Article 50 on Brexit
With the activation of Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty, an unprecedented negotiation begins, which should be completed in two years and the consequences of which will be remarkable for the United Kingdom, the "27" and the EU. in its entirety.
Later in the day, Theresa May is expected to address British MPs, calling for unity in order to reach the best possible agreement. "We are a nation with a proud history and a bright future," she said, adding that "now that we have decided to leave the EU, it is time for unity."
According to information in the letter, the "instant death" of the free movement of European citizens living in Britain will not be foreseen after the reactions of the MEPs who even threatened to veto the whole process if London insisted on this provision.
What will follow
Following the request from London, the Heads of State or Government of the other 27 Member States and European officials will be ousted. They will consider the request and formally begin negotiations with the United Kingdom on the terms of its withdrawal from the 28-nation bloc.
The decision to leave was taken by referendum on 23 June 2016 in the four countries that make up the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland) and despite the fact that the latter two voted in favor of staying, they had no jurisdiction to influence the decision. The country's local governments and the local parliaments of Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, however, will have some say in the negotiations to minimize its negative impact. Brexit in their economy.
The withdrawal of Great Britain from the EU It was also approved by the British Parliament (House of Commons and House of Lords) between January and March, effectively paving the way for a second referendum or reversal of British voters' desire to leave the European family.
The process can take up to two years with London negotiating the terms of the divorce. Theresa May hopes this time can also be used to discuss future trade and other relationships.